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An In-Depth Companion Planting Guide

posted Mar 3, 2016, 1:20 PM by Hopatcong Garden

From Mother Earth News...

For a healthy, thriving garden, consult this companion planting guide when you're deciding what seeds to put where.
May/June 1981
http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/companion-planting-guide-zmaz81mjzraw.aspx
By Sarah Israel
A companion planting guide is almost a necessity for gardeners when there are so many types of fruits and vegetables to choose from. 


PHOTO: FOTOLIA/VALERIY555

A companion planting guide such as this one will show you which vegetables and flowers support or inhibit the growth of other plants and/or which pests they deter.

Basil

Plant near: most garden crops
Keep away from: rue
Comments: improves the flavor and growth of garden crops, especially tomatoes and lettuce. Repels mosquitoes.

Beans, Bush

Plant near: beets, cabbage, carrots, catnip, cauliflower, corn, cucumbers, marigolds, potatoes, savory, strawberries
Keep away from: fennel, garlic, leeks, onions, shallots
Comments: potatoes and marigolds repel Mexican bean beetles. Catnip repels flea beetles.

Beans, Pole

Plant near: corn, marigolds, potatoes, radishes
Keep away from: beets, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, onions, shallots
Comments: same as for bush beans.

Beets

Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, bush beans, cabbage, cauliflower, chard, kohlrabi, onions
Keep away from: charlock, field mustard, pole beans
Comments:

Borage

Plant near:  squash, strawberries, tomatoes
Keep away from:
Comments: repels tomato worms. Improves flavor and growth of companions.

Broccoli and Brussels Sprouts

Plant near: beets, buckwheat, calendula, carrots, chamomile, dill, hyssop, marigolds, mints, nasturtiums, onions, rosemary, sage, thyme, wormwood.
Keep away from: strawberries
Comments: marigolds repel cabbage moths. Nasturtiums repel aphids.

Cabbage and Cauliflower

Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, celery, chard, spinach, tomatoes.
Keep away from: strawberries
Comments: tomatoes and celery repel cabbage worms.

Cantaloupe

Plant near: corn
Keep away from:
Comments:

Carrots

Plant near: cabbage, chives, early potatoes, leeks, lettuce, onions, peas, radishes, rosemary, sage, salsify, wormwood.
Keep away from:
Comments: onions, leeks, and wormwood repel carrot flies

Chives

Plant near: apples, berries, carrots, grapes, peas, roses, tomatoes.
Keep away from:
Comments: Improves flavor and growth of companions. Deters aphids and Japanese beetles.

Corn

Plant near: beans, cucumbers, early potatoes, melons, peas, pumpkins, soybeans, squash.
Keep away from:
Comments: soybeans deter chinch bugs.

Cucumbers

Plant near: beans, cabbage, corn, early potatoes, radishes, sunflowers.
Keep away from: late potatoes
Comments: Radishes deter cucumber beetles. Cucumbers encourage blight in late potatoes.

Dill

Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, lettuce, onions
Keep away from: carrots
Comments: Improves flavor and growth of cabbage family plants.

Eggplant

Plant near: green beans, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes
Keep away from:
Comments: green beans deter Colorado potato beetles.

Garlic

Plant near: cabbage, cane fruits, fruit trees, roses, tomatoes
Keep away from: peas, beans
Comments: deters Japanese beetles and aphids. A garlic oil spray deters onion flies, aphids, and ermine moths. A garlic tea helps repel late potato blight.

Kale

Plant near: aromatic herbs, buckwheat, cabbage family, marigolds, nasturtiums
Keep away from: pole beans, strawberries
Comments:

Kohlrabi

Plant near: cabbage/cauliflower companions (except tomatoes)
Keep away from: fennel, pole beans, tomatoes
Comments: kohlrabi stunts tomatoes

Lettuce

Plant near: beets, carrotsparsnips, radishes, strawberries
Keep away from: cabbage family
Comments: lettuce tenderizes summer radishes.

Marigolds

Plant near: all garden crops
Keep away from:
Comments: stimulates vegetable growth and deters bean beetles, aphids, potato bugs, squash bugs, nematodes, and maggots.

Marjoram

Plant near: all garden crops
Keep away from:
Comments: stimulates vegetable growth.

Mustard

Plant near: alfalfa cover crops, fruit trees, grapes, legumes
Keep away from:
Comments: stimulates growth of companion plants.

Nasturtiums

Plant near: apples, beans, cabbage family, greenhouse crops, potatoes, pumpkins, radishes, squash
Keep away from:
Comments: repels aphids, potato bugs, squash bugs, striped pumpkin beetles, and Mexican bean beetles and destroys white flies in greenhouses.

Onions

Plant near: beets, cabbage family, carrots, chamomile, lettuce, parsnips
Keep away from: beans, peas
Comments: deters most pests, especially maggots.

Oregano

Plant near: all garden crops
Keep away from:
Comments: deters many insect pests.

Parsley

Plant near: corn, roses, tomatoes
Keep away from:
Comments:

Parsnips

Plant near: onions, radishes, wormwood
Keep away from:
Comments: onions and wormwood help keep root maggots from parsnips.

Peas

Plant near: beans, carrots, corn, cucumbers, early potatoes, radishes, turnips
Keep away from: garlic leeks, onions, shallots
Comments:

Peppers

Plant near: basil, carrots, eggplant, onions, parsley, tomatoes
Keep away from: fennel, kohlrabi
Comments:

Potatoes

Plant near: basil, beans, cabbage family, corn, eggplant, flax, hemp, marigolds, peas, squash
Keep away from: apples, birch, cherries, cucumbers, pumpkins, raspberries, sunflowers, tomatoes, walnuts
Comments: hemp deters phytophthora infestans. Basil deters potato beetles. Marigolds (dug into crop soil) deter nematodes.

Radishes

Plant near: chervil, cucumbers, lettuce, melons, peas, nasturtiums, root crops
Keep away from: hyssop
Comments: radishes deter cucumber beetles. Chervil makes radishes hot. Lettuce helps make radishes tender. Nasturtiums improve radishes' flavor.

Rosemary

Plant near: beans, cabbage, carrots
Keep away from:
Comments: repels bean beetles, cabbage moths, and carrot flies.

Sage

Plant near: cabbage family, carrots, tomatoes
Keep away from: cucumbers
Comments: deters cabbage moths and carrot flies. Invigorates tomato plants.

Soybeans

Plant near: corn, potatoes
Keep away from:
Comments: chokes weeds and enriches soil.

Spinach

Plant near: celery, cauliflower, eggplant, strawberries
Keep away from:
Comments:

Strawberries

Plant near: borage, bush beans, lettuce, pyrethrum, spinach
Keep away from: cabbage family
Comments:

Sunflowers

Plant near: cucumbers
Keep away from: potatoes
Comments: can provide a trellis and shelter for shade-loving cucumbers.

Swiss Chard

Plant near: bush beans, kohlrabi, onions
Keep away from: pole beans
Comments:

Tarragon

Plant near: all garden crops
Keep away from:
Comments: improves vegetables' flavor and growth.

Thyme

Plant near: all garden crops
Keep away from:
Comments: deters cabbage moths.

Tomatoes

Plant near: asparagus, basil, cabbage family, carrots, gooseberries, mustard, parsley, onions, rosemary, sage, stinging nettles
Keep away from: fennel, kohlrabi, potatoes, walnuts
Comments:

Turnips and Rutabagas

Plant near: peas
Keep away from: knotweed, mustard
Comments: mustard and knotweed inhibit the growth of turnips and rutabagas.

 


EDITOR'S NOTE: Companion planting is not an exact science. Use your own experience, this chart, and the advice of other local gardeners to help you achieve successful partnerships in your garden.

Check out our past informative presentations!

posted Jan 13, 2015, 6:47 AM by Hopatcong Garden   [ updated May 14, 2015, 2:35 PM by Terry Bond ]

Kelly Bond's Blog

posted Jun 9, 2013, 6:20 PM by Terry Bond   [ updated Jun 18, 2013, 4:18 PM ]

Kelly Bond has started blogging about the donation plot and other various food related items. Check it out at greenfoodie22.wordpress.com.

GMO, Heirloom, Hybrid, Organic: What does it all mean?

posted Feb 19, 2013, 9:07 AM by Terry Bond

There seems to be a great deal of confusion among the garden members as to what this all means, so I  hope this will clear it up.

Heirloom Seeds are from plants that are purely whatever they have always been. They have been around for a long time. They haven’t been crossbred with other plants. The seeds can be saved, and you will get whatever it was, to grow exactly the same again. Think pure-bred dog: like a beagle, german shepherd, labrador, poodle.

Hybrid Seeds are created by breeding two types of plants from the same species together. If you got a new type of tomato by putting two other types of tomatoes together. Hybrid seeds won’t produce the same plant, if you save the seeds. It’s like breeding two different dog breeds to get a new breed. Think labradoodle or cockapoo.

GMO (Genetically Modified Organism) Seeds are created by breeding something into a plant that is not of the same species. Think breeding a dog with a cat. What would you get? A dat or a cog? What the heck is that? Seeds cannot be saved from GMO plants (Why would you want to anyway?)  GMO seeds can have pesticides built into them, so if pests attack the plants, the pests die, hence keeping the plant producing longer. However, there is some thought that the plants don’t discriminate between good bugs and bad bugs, and bees, which are needed for pollination, have been dying off. And I don’t know about you, but I’d rather not ingest food that was designed to kill.

Here is a list from www.nongmoproject.org of what crops are genetically modified:

  • Alfalfa (first planting 2011)
  • Canola (approx. 90% of U.S. crop)
  • Corn (approx. 88% of U.S. crop in 2011)
  • Cotton (approx. 90% of U.S. crop in 2011)
  • Papaya (most of Hawaiian crop; approximately 988 acres)
  • Soy (approx. 94% of U.S. crop in 2011)
  • Sugar Beets (approx. 95% of U.S. crop in 2010)
  • Zucchini and Yellow Summer Squash (approx. 25,000 acres)

The issue with GMOs is not really about growing them in our garden, with the possible exception of zucchini and yellow summer squash, because most of the other GMO crops are not things that our gardeners would grow. The main sources of GMOs that you would eat come from processed foods. Think high fructose corn syrup, corn starch, cottonseed oil, canola oil, and there’s soy in just about everything. To avoid GMOs, you should try to stay away from as much processed food as you can, or look for the Non-GMO Verified label on products.

Heirloom, Hybrid, GMO all have to do with the makeup of the seed itself. Where it came from, how it was developed, bred.

And last, but not least, and most important (in my opinion):

Organic Seeds don’t have to do with how the seeds were bred, but under what conditions they were grown; whether the plants from which the seeds developed were grown organically, without the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Not all Heirloom seeds are organic, if they weren’t harvested from plants that were grown organically. And yes you can have organic hybrid seeds, as long as they are bred from organic seeds. However there is no such thing as organic GMO seeds. So as long as you buy organic seeds, you can be certain that they are not genetically modified. In order for a farmer to sell their produce as organic, they have to have not used any prohibited substances on the land for at least 3 years.

I hope this clears up the confusion. If we really want our garden to be organic, then we should be planting organic seeds and seedlings, and of course only using organic compost/soil, etc, and no chemical pesticides or fertilizers. If you are buying heirloom seeds that don’t say they are organic, I would suggest that you check with the company selling them. It is possible that it is a small company who haven’t gone through the process of being officially declared organic, but it would be best to ask.

Bloggers Wanted

posted Jun 27, 2012, 7:02 PM by Terry Bond   [ updated Jun 9, 2013, 6:33 PM ]

We are looking for Hopatcong Community Garden members who are interested in blogging about gardening. Please contact us at hopatcongcommunitygarden@gmail.com or call us at (862) 243-2201 if you are interested.

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